This chart identifies the total and average monetary sanctions imposed in FCPA-related actions, per year over the life of the FCPA. Sanctions are culled from FCPA Groups and are adjusted to avoid double counting that could otherwise occur when, for example, sanctions are imposed jointly and severally on multiple defendants or a single sanction imposed on a parent entity is deemed to resolve claims against multiple different subsidiaries in multiple different enforcement actions. Sanctions are aggregated annually according to the filing date, not the date of resolution. A $0 value for a particular year could mean that no sanctions were imposed or, alternatively, that no FCPA-related enforcement actions were filed that year. See About Us - Datasets for a definition of "FCPA Group."